The Australian Capital Territory or ACT, formerly the Territory for the Seat of Government, and later the Federal Capital Territory, is a territory in the southeast of Australia, cocooned within New South Wales. It is the smaller of the two self-governing internal territories in Australia. The only city and by far the most populous community is Canberra, the capital city of Australia.
The Australian Capital Territory is bounded by the Goulburn-Cooma railway line in the east, the watershed of Naas Creek in the south, the watershed of the Cotter River in the west, and the watershed of the Molonglo River in the northeast. The ACT also has a small strip of territory around the southern end of the Beecroft Peninsula, which is the northern headland of Jervis Bay.
What to see & do
Australian War Memorial – The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in the wars of Commonwealth of Australia. The memorial opened in 1941, and is widely regarded as one of the most significant memorials of its type in the world. The memorial consists of three parts, which are the Commemorative Area (shrine), the Memorial galleries, and the research centre. The Commemorative Area or shrine includes the Hall of Memory with the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier. The Memorial galleries meanwhile include the museum, while the research centre is where the records are.
National Gallery of Australia – The National Gallery of Australia is a modern museum located in the Australian Capital Territory. It is the national art museum of Australia, as well as the largest art museum in the country. The museum was established by the Australian government in 1967 as a national public art museum, which now holds more than 166,000 works of art.
National Museum of Australia – Established in 1980 by the National Museum of Australia Act, the National Museum of Australia preserves and interprets Australia's social history, exploring key issues, people, and events that have shaped the nation. The museum did not have a permanent home until 2001, when a purpose-built museum building was officially opened in the national capital Canberra. Within the vicinity, the museum profiles 50,000 years of Indigenous heritage since 1788, and key events including Federation and the Sydney 2000 Olympics. The museum also develops and travels exhibitions on subjects ranging from bush rangers to surf lifesaving. Note though, that the National Museum should not be confused with the National Gallery, as the latter is focused mainly on art.
Australian National Botanic Gardens – The Australian National botanic Gardens is located in Canberra and is administered by the government's Department of the Environment and Heritage. The botanic gardens are the largest living collection of native Australian flora, maintaining a wide variety of botanical resources for researchers. Apart from this, the gardens also cultivate native plants that are threatened in the wild.
How to get around within Australian Capital Territory
Buses, cars, taxis, and bikes are the main modes of transport in the Australian Capital Territory. The civic area, or Canberra, specifically has bus services which run from city to city. If travelling via taxi, make sure to know the difference between the 'town centre' and the 'city centre/civic centre'. The 'town centre' may be Belconnen, Gungahlin, Woden, Weston Creek, and Tuggeranong. The 'civic centre' is Canberra.
How to get there
The Canberra International Airport is the main airport of the capital of Australia which is Canberra. Airlines that travel to the destination include Fly Pelican, Qantas, Qantas Link, Virgin Australia, and Virgin Australia Regional Airlines. The airport only serves domestic flights.