Among the 16 states of Germany, Berlin can be divided into six districts: Mitte, City West, East Central, North, East, and South. Berlin temperature records at an annual average high of 13.36 degrees Celsius or 56.05 degrees Fahrenheit, average low of 5.88 degrees Celsius or 42.59 degrees Fahrenheit, with a daily mean of 9.73 degrees Celsius or 49.52 degrees Fahrenheit.
What to see & do
Travel within Berlin to experience these destinations firsthand. Some of the noteworthy destinations in the city state include the Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag Building, Museum Island, Pergamon Museum, Topography of Terror, Checkpoint Charlie, and Berlin Zoological Garden, in addition to many more. The Berlin Wall was constructed around the 1960s and served as a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. The wall has been officially referred to as the “Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart’. It has cut off West Berlin from the surrounding East Germany and East Berlin by land till around 1989. Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate is a neoclassical triumphal arch of the 18th Century. The gate is among Germany’s well-known landmarks to date.
How to get around
Considering the size of Berlin, travellers are able to make use of the state and city’s exceptional bus, tram, train, and underground services. When using the public transportation within Berlin, note that U-Bahn, S-Bahn, bus, tram, and regional rail all use a common ticket. The standard tickets are valid for any travel for two hours from validation, with no limit to transfers. Travelling by S-Bahn can get you quickly all around Berlin. Most S-Bahn lines S5, S7, and S75, go from east to west on a route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz, with stops by Warschauer Strasse, Ostbahnhof, Jannovitzbrücke, Alexanderplatz, Hackescher Markt, Friedrichstrasse, Hauptbahnhof, Bellevue, Tiergarten, Zoologischer Garten, Savignyplatz, and Charlottenburg. Other lines such as S8, S41, S42, S45, and S46, get you on a circle track around the city. S1, S2, and S25 go from north to south starting from Gesundbrunnen, towards Friedrichstrasse and Potsdamer Platz to Südkreuz or Schöneberg. Berlin’s regional trains go through the same east to west connection, with stops only by Lichtenberg or Karlshorst, Ostbahnhof, Alexanderplatz, Friedrichstrasse, Hauptbahnhof, Zoologischer Garten, Charlottenburg and Spandau, with Jungfernheide or Gesundbrunnen through Hauptbahnhof, Potsdamer Platz and Südkreuz to Lichterfelde-Ost, from north to south. Underground travel can be done via the U-Bahn, Berlin’s subway or metro service. U-Bahn stations have electronic signs showing the time of the next train and the direction, with detailed maps in stations, as well as on board the trains. Berlin’s trams, called Strassenbahn, can be found towards the east of the city. Another option for going around Berlin is via its yellow double-decker buses that take its passengers almost anywhere within Berlin. Other buses include the normal metro buses and the express buses.
How to get there
Berlin Tegel Airport, located at 52.559722 latitude and 13.287778 longitude in Berlin, is the main international airport that serves Berlin, Germany, along with Berlin Schönefeld Airport. Berlin Tegel Airport has flights to and from Ljubljana, Athens, Dublin, Riga, Tallinn, Abu Dhabi, Chicago, Billund, Paris, Vilnius, Malta, Belgrade, Vienna, London, Helsinki, Amsterdam, Doha, Copenhagen, Zürich, Moscow, Istanbul, Kiev, Newark, Rome, and Barcelona, to name a few, through airlines such as Adria Airways Aegean Airlines, Aer Lingus, airBaltic, Air Berlin, Air Berlin operated by Darwin Airline, Air France, Air Lituanica operated by BMI Regional, Air Malta, Air Serbia, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Finnair, KLM, Qatar Airways, Scandinavian Airlines, Swiss International Air Lines, Transaero Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Ukraine International Airlines, United Airlines, and Vueling, among others.