Located in the southern region, Campania is one of the more important regions of the European country of Italy. It is situated in the Italian Riviera, a key point in the history of the country, as it is one of the first areas to where goods and other influences docked. Campania was colonised by Ancient Greeks, becoming a part of Magna Gracia. During the Roman era, the area maintained Greco-Roman culture, and has been subject to various cultural changes.
Campania is rich in tradition and culture, especially in regard to gastronomy, music, architecture, archaeology, and history. Ancient sites such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Paestum, and Velia, are all located here. The name of Campania itself is derived from Latin, as Romans knew the region as "Campania Felix" or fertile countryside.
Apart from its rich history and contribution to the colourful Italian culture, Campania's rich natural sights have catapulted it to one of the major tourism centres in the country, at par with the regions of Veneto, Sicily, and Tuscany. The region’s capital is Naples.
What to see & do
Cuisine of Campania - Historically, Campanian cuisine varies within the region. While Neapolitan dishes centre on seafood, Casertan and Aversan ones rely more on fresh vegetables and cheeses. The cuisine from Sorrento, meanwhile, combines culinary traditions from both Naples and Salermo. It is in the region where pizza was conceived. It was born in Naples, with original recipes including pizza fritta (fried pizza), calzone, pizza marinara, and pizza margherita. The pizza was born after Neapolitans first discovered that tomatoes can be used as food and garnish, and not only as ornamental plants. Apart from pizza, various types of spaghetti dishes are also well-known in the region. The spaghetti alla puttanesca for example, is one of the dishes originally from Campania. The region had also produced various tasteful wines, cheeses, cakes and pastries, salads, and soups that are now making rounds in the world culinary scene.
Pompeii - Pompeii was an ancient town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania. Along with Herculaneum and the villas surrounding the area, the city was mostly destroyed and buried under four to six metres of ash and pumice with the famous eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Today, what is left of Pompeii are ruins – that are very much popular to tourists. Pompeii is a part of the larger Vesuvius National Park, which includes Herculaneum, Stabiae, and Villa Poppaea. The site was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. Within Pompeii, travellers may explore the House of the Faun, the Villa of Mysteries, Shrine of the Virgin of the Rosary of Pompeii, the house of the Tragic Poet, the Temples of Jupiter and Apollo, and the great Mount Vesuvius itself.
Naples - Naples is the bigger area encompassing Pompeii. It is the capital of the region of Campania, and the third largest municipality slated next after Rome and Milan. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with evidences dating back from the Bronze Age. Naples stands as the largest historic city centre of Europe, covering 27 centuries of history, and is listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage site. It has long been a major cultural centre with a global sphere of influence, particularly during the Renaissance and Enlightenment eras. Apart from the piazzas, palaces, castles, museums, religious structures, parks, and villas, the city is also credited for its music scene; influential to boot as it is credited with the invention of the romantic guitar and the mandolin. Further, popular characters and historical figures have come to symbolise the city, including Januarius (patron saint of Naples), Pulcinella, and the Sirens from the Odyssey.
How to get around within Campania
The public transport system of Campania is organised and networked. Within the region, a general and unified ticket called Campania Unico, allows travel within a zone or between zones, with a maximum time limit for a certain journey. If not ready to be confined with these zones, then the trains, boats, buses, and car hire companies are always ready to serve.
How to get there
The airport serving Naples, the capital city of the Campania region in Italy, is Naples International Airport. Located 5.9 kilometres or 3.7 miles north-northeast of the city, the airport is served by several airlines including Aer Lingus, Alitalia, British Airways, easyJet, Germanwings, Iberia, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Vueling, and Wizz Air.