Hesse is one of the 13 non-city area states of Germany. It is located near the centre of the country, and is surrounded by other states including Lower Saxony, Thuringia, Bavaria, Rhineland, and others. The region has a total land area of 21,000 square kilometres, roughly the size of Israel or the U.S. State of New Jersey. It is an important commercial and financial centre, as well as a major tourism destination. Its capital is Wiesbaden.
The Romer – The Romer is a medieval building in the Altstadt of Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and is known as one of the city's most important landmarks. The Romer is located opposite the Old St. Nicholas church and has been the city hall or 'Rathaus' of Frankfurt for over 600 years. The Romer merchant family, who originally owned the place, has a sold it together with a second building (called the Goldener Schwan or Golden Swan) to the city council in 1405 and from there being used as the city hall. The Romer is characterised by its wide breadth of Frankfurt and Germany's history, even though they were designed at the beginning of the 20th century. All the establishments which make the Romer have medieval elements of design, and the famous three-peaked facade have striking contrasts and similarities.
The Schlossplatz (Palace Square) – The Schlossplatz, also known as the palace square, forms the centre of the historic Old Town of Wiesbaden. It gets its name from the Stadtschloss, the royal residence of the Dukes of Nassau who ruled the area and the nearby vicinity during the times. Other buildings surrounding the square include the Old City Hall, the New Town Hall, and the Marktkirche. At the very middle lies the Marktbrunnen or the Market Well of 1753. Due to its unique ensemble and the fact that at this point medieval Wiesbaden originated, it is historically the most important part of the city and has seen hundreds of scenes that are etched in the past.
Frankfurt Zoological Garden – Featuring over 4,500 animals of more than 450 species on more than 13 hectares of land, the Frankfurt Zoological Garden is the main zoo of Frankfurt in Germany. It lies in the eastern part of the Innenstadt or inner city, and was founded in 1858 by the citizens of Frankfurt. It operated until the first of the two World Wars broke out, and then it continued its operations upon assumption of responsibilities by the Frankfurt Zoological Society.
The Waldspirale – The Waldspirale is a residential building complex in Darmstadt built in the 90s. Its name translates into English as 'forest spiral', reflecting both the general plan of the building and the fact that it has a green roof. It was designed by Austrian artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser, planned and implemented by architect Heinz Springmann, and constructed by the Bauverein Darmstadt company. The complex is interesting due to its overall look. Its tower resembles Russian onion domes, and its walls are painted in many pastel colours which, in one way or another, complement each other. The windows too, are quite a novelty, for with over 1,000 windows in the building, no two windows are the same. Similarly, different handles are attached in each apartment to the doors and windows, making it quirky and colourful – the very representation of Hundertwasser's personal style.
Naturmuseum Senckenberg – The Naturmuseum Senckenberg in Frankfurt is the second largest museum of natural history in Germany. The Senckenberg boasts of the largest exhibition of large dinosaurs in Europe, and an extensive collection of dinosaur fossils, particularly skulls and unique, preserved scaled skin. The museum also contains the world's largest and most diverse collection of stuffed birds with about 2,000 specimens of aves.
How to get around within Hesse
Trains and buses make up the network of public transport in Hesse. They are convenient, fast, and safe, so travellers will not have a hard time going around. Moreover, the city centres are filled with cabs, and car rentals are just about everywhere.
How to get there
Frankfurt Airport is one of the busiest airports in service within Europe. It is the third busiest in terms of passenger traffic next to London's Heathrow and Paris' Charles de Gaulle, and the ninth busiest airport in the world. The airport has two terminals, one that is dedicated to Lufthansa and to the Star Alliance, and another for all the other airlines. Airlines that travel to the destination include Aegean Airlines, Aeroflot, Austrian Airlines, Air Canada, Air China, Belavia, Azerbaijan Airlines, Alitalia, Delta, Royal Air Maroc, Somon Air, Swiss International Airlines, Saudia, and many others. The airport receives flights from Asia, North and South America, the Caribbean sub-region, Africa, and the whole of Europe. There are no flights from Australia, though.