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Flights to Azerbaijan | Cheap flight tickets booking on Skyscanner

The Republic of Azerbaijan is located in the Caucasus region in Southwestern Asia, and is one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world - one can experience nine out of a total of eleven climate zones just travelling from region to region. Bordered by Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran and the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan’s area of 86,600 sq km is also smothered in natural attractions like mountain ranges (which account for 40% of its area), mud volcanoes (half of the world’s collection of them can be found in Azerbaijan), more than 8,000 rivers, plains and lowlands, steppes, hundreds of species of flora and fauna and more.

One of the oldest continuously-inhabited regions on Earth, the land that is Azerbaijan has seen human inhabitation since the Stone Age. Once ruled by ancient tribes like the Medes and Manna, the region subsequently endured many fights by neighbours Russia and then-Persia (now Iran), eventually declaring independence in 1918 and becoming the first Muslim-majority secular and democratic republic. Its freedom was short-lived, however; soonafter, it became a member of the Soviet Union, undergoing Russian rule for another 70 years. Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991 and – with the discovery of natural gas reserves in the Caspian Sea – has since flourished.

Today Azerbaijan consists of 65 regions and 69 cities, and its capital and largest city Baku is a glittering metropolis named one of Lonely Planet’s top destinations for nightlife and host of the 2015 European Games. Its past is not forgotten, though – next to the city’s graceful soaring skyscrapers exists the Inner Walled City of Baku, a UNESCO World Heritage Site prized for its well-preserved ancient architecture.

Getting around

First-time visitors to Azerbaijan are advised against driving in the country – traffic congestions within Baku are common, and road conditions outside of Baku can sometimes be poor (as of May 2015). Taxis, coaches and buses are a better way for the uninitiated to get around, as rail service within the country can be somewhat slow. For those who have time to spare, though, the train may be a viable option as fares are quite affordable.

What to see and do

If in Azerbaijan, a visit to the Walled City of Baku is a must. Built on land that has seen human inhabitation since the Palaeolithic era, the inner city is renowned for ancient architecture that reveals a diverse tapestry of influences left behind by the city’s historic invaders – this includes the Ottomans, Arabians, Persians, Russians and others. Many of the buildings have stood since the 12th century, withstanding the relentless test of time – notable must-see structures include the iconic Maiden Tower, Shirvanshahs' Palace and Hajji Gayyib bathhouse.

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