The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis or simply Saint Kitts and Nevis, is a pair of tropical islands geographically located in the Leeward Islands in the West Indies. It is approximately one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago. It is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population. Saint Kitts is the larger of the two islands. Its capital city and headquarters of government for the federated state is Basseterre. On the other hand, the smaller island of Nevis lies about two miles (3km) southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called "The Narrows". To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius, Saba (the Netherlands), Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten, and Anguilla. To the east and northeast is Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast are the small uninhabited island of Redonda and the island of Montserrat, which currently has an active volcano. The islands enjoy a tropical climate tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November).
What to see & do
Because of Saint Kitts and Nevis’ limited land area, which is no larger than 261km², there’s not a lot of tourist attractions to see. But that doesn’t mean there are none! First, its Caribbean feel is more than enough to make up for its shortage of sights as its natural beauty can be seen anywhere. In fact, its strategic location made it a colonial hotspot and a focus point of European nations in their struggle for power over the West Indies islands. At present, one of the islands' main tourist attractions is the plantation ruins, which you can see and visit via the Scenic Railway, travelling on the tracks of the old sugar train railway. The breath-taking and well preserved remains of the Brimstone Hill Fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a historical site that also provides stunning views over the surrounding area and even some nearby islands. There are also the remaining ruins and some canons at Fort Charles on Nevis, the fortifications of Charlestown.
How to get around within Saint Kitts and Nevis
There are three ways to navigate around the island: by bus, car, or train. Microbuses ply around the island, thus forming its public transport system. They are much cheaper than taxis and can be flagged down while in route. However, service is limited and does not generally extend to Frigate Bay or the Southern Peninsula, which is the domain that the taxis cover. Taxis and Buses use the same format of Microbuses. The difference is that taxis have a yellow licence plate and start with the letter T and buses have a green one that starts with the letter H. There are plenty of car rental agencies in the islands although you have to secure temporary driving licences first. Lastly, there is a scenic railway tour that goes through portions of the narrow gauge railway formerly used for the sugar mill.
How to get there
The islands are served by two airports, one on each island: Robert L. Bradshaw International Airport on Basseterre in Saint Kitts and Vance W. Amory International Airport on Charlestown on the island of Nevis. There are daily flights available from San Juan, PR on American Eagle, as well as through British Virgin Islands/Tortola. Other airlines that operate at these airports are American Airlines, Delta Airlines, US Airways, British Airways, Skyservice, and Leeward Islands Air Transport. Aside from air transport, one can get into the islands by boat/ferry. There is a cruise ship terminal as well as a marina for yachts in Basseterre; or charter a boat. For ferry services from St Kitts (Majors Bay) to Nevis (Cades Bay), travellers can take the Sea Bridge which runs from 8:00 a.m. until 7:00 p.m.